Fencing is the martial art of fighting with blades. The common version of fencing today, also called olympic fencing is divided into three weapon categories: foil, sabre (spelled saber in the United States) and épée. Classical fencing uses the same weapons, but approaches fencing as a martial art.
Competitive fencing is one of five activities which have been featured in every one of the modern Olympic Games, the other four being Athletics, Cycling, Swimming, and Gymnastics.
Fencing is governed by Fédération Internationale d’Escrime or FIE. Today, its head office is in Lausanne, Switzerland. The FIE is composed of 145 national federations, each of which is recognized by its country’s Olympic Committee as the sole representative of Olympic-style fencing in that country.